Ok, now did you notice I used the word “always” a lot in that version. always… always… always, why? Why did I always say “always”? Well, it’s because I’m talking about something that started in the past and has continued until now. So I wanna say always because I wanna make clear that I’m not talking about one specific time, right?
I have a conversation here, “Kathy stop obsessing English, damn it!” right? He says this, she says that. Well, if this only happened one time in the past, we would use the simple past, right? I would say Gabriel said, stop obsessing about English. Kathy said, I’m sorry. But this is a conversation that has happened many times. They always have the same conversation since last year. So ten month ago they would have this conversation. And then five month ago they would use the same conversation again, right? So always, almost every day, starting one year ago until now, they’re always having this same conversation.
So that’s why I say has said, has always said. Always makes it more clear that it’s not something that happened one time, that it’s happening repeatedly, has happened repeatedly, starting last year until now. If it was only one time, it would be past tense but since it has happened many times, starting last year until now then we can said, has said, has done, etc.